EOC Studies Link Between Reading Performance and Graduation


EOC Studies Link Between Reading Performance and Graduation

An EOC study completed this year examined the relationship between third grade reading performance and graduation in South Carolina. Performance was measured on the state assessment in 2000, the Palmetto Achievement Challenge Test (PACT), and identified students who were significantly below grade level on reading in third grade. Then over a period of time these students were monitored to determine if they graduated on time or within two years.

Students who scored at Below Basic 1 on the 2000 PACT ELA test were less likely to be able to be identified as still being enrolled in public schools in South Carolina and were less likely to graduate than all other students.

The results were:

Students who scored at Below Basic 1 on the 2000 PACT ELA test were less likely to be able to be identified as still being enrolled in public schools in South Carolina and were less likely to graduate than all other students. There was a statistically significant relationship between 3rd grade PACT ELA scores in 2000 and the likelihood that the student graduated in 2009 or 2010.

Using the various methods of estimating the graduation rate for students who scored Below Basic 1 on the 2000 PACT ELA test: About 20 percent (19.8%) of students who initially scored Below Basic 1 on the 2000 3rdGrade PACT ELA assessment and who could be located graduated in 2009. About 37 percent of the students who initially scored Below Basic 1 on the 2000 3rd Grade PACT ELA assessment and who could be located graduated in 2009, 2010 and 2011.

Finally, projecting over time the mobility of students based upon actual enrollment declines, approximately 61 percent of the students who scored Below Basic 1 on the 2000 3rd Grade PACT ELA assessment are projected to have persevered to graduate.

The percent of students graduating from high school decreases from 58.37% for 3rd grade repeaters, to 38.95% for those students who repeated grade 8. In essence, if a student is to be retained for a grade then the “earlier-the-better.”

For additional information, call the EOC at 803-734-6148 and access the entire study here.

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