W. Richardson and S. Folks

Ninety Six: End Game

By W. Richardson and S. Folks

Ninety Six: End Game

Ninety Six was a small frontier town near Greenwood, South Carolina—an essential part of the geography of British strongholds designed to seal off Charleston and the low country from French, Spanish, and Indian attack. At the “Star Fort”  in Ninety Six, a band of loyalists held their ground, waiting to see what would happen.  

On May 21, 1781, General Greene and approximately a thousand troops, marched south towards Ninety-Six, to lay “siege” to the Star Fort.  It is was the longest field siege of The American Revolution.  It lasted 28 days.

Guilford Courthouse: Costly Victory

By W. Richardson and S. Folks

Guilford Courthouse: Costly Victory

The Battle of Guilford Courthouse was fought on March 15, 1781. This battle basically decided the outcome for the Carolinas because even though Cornwallis won, technically, he lost 25% of his force.

View classroom media resources on SCETV's Knowitall.org and download lesson plans from SCETV’s LearningWhy.org.

Cowpens: A Brilliant Victory

By W. Richardson and S. Folks

Cowpens: A Brilliant Victory

General Daniel Morgan’s battle plan at Cowpens was considered a masterpiece of military strategy and tactics. In Fall of 1780, General Nathaniel Greene sent a portion of his men under Morgan to fight the British in western South Carolina. 

In response, Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton was sent to chase after Morgan's army. Tarleton met Morgan's men on January 17, 1781 at the Battle of Cowpens. 

Kings Mountain: The Turn of the Tide of Success

By W. Richardson and S. Folks

Kings Mountain: The Turn of the Tide of Success

Kings Mountain is a rocky wooded hill on the border of North and South Carolina. On October 7, 1780, a thousand patriots surrounded and attacked the British troops and Loyalist soldiers. This battle would become a major victory and turn the tides for the patriots.

View classroom media resources on SCETV's Knowitall.org and download lesson plans from SCETV’s LearningWhy.org.

Musgrove Mill: A Ray of Hope

By W. Richardson and S. Folks

Musgrove Mill: A Ray of Hope

August 19th 1780, three days after the Battle of Camden, another battle was fought.  British Provincials from Ninety Six were camped near Edward Musgrove’s grist mill on the Enoree River (Laurens County), with many recuperating from wounds received at the Battle of Cedar Springs.

View classroom media resources on SCETV's Knowitall.org and download lesson plans from SCETV’s LearningWhy.org.

Camden: Defeat and Destruction

By W. Richardson and S. Folks

Camden: Defeat and Destruction

On August 16, 1780, General Horatio Gates' army, joined by militia men from North Carolina and Virginia, marched south toward the British outpost in Camden, South Carolina. At the same time, Lt General Charles Earl Cornwallis's army headed north. The cavalries clashed in a battle that became known as the Battle of Camden, the largest battle in the South up to that point.

Brattonsville: Choosing Sides

By W. Richardson and S. Folks

Brattonsville: Choosing Sides

In June 1780, the British had established an "outpost" at Rocky Mount, in the Catawba Valley. Lieutenant Colonel George Turnbull sent troops into what are now York and Chester counties to round up and eliminate the rebels. Captain Christian Huck, a loyalist from Philadelphia, was the leader.

On July 12, 1780, the Patriot militia, led by Colonel William Bratton, defeated the British Legion. This battle became known as the "Battle at Williamson's Plantation" or "Huck's Defeat."

Waxhaws: Blood in the Backcountry

By W. Richardson and S. Folks

Waxhaws: Blood in the Backcountry

On May 29, 1780, Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton and the British Legion caught up with Colonel Abraham Buford’s army at a place called “The Waxhaws” in the Catawba River valley, located four miles south of the North Carolina border. Over in fifteen minutes and with 113 Americans dead on the field, this massacre became the first major battle of the Southern Campaign.